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FILE:  JHCD
CRITICAL

 

ADMINISTRATION OF MEDICATIONS TO STUDENTS

 


Definitions


Medications – For the purposes of this policy, medications include prescription drugs and over-the-counter drugs, including herbal preparations and vitamins. Medications also include substances that claim or purport to be medicinal or performance enhancing.


Authorized Prescriber – Includes a healthcare provider licensed or otherwise authorized by state law to prescribe medication.


General


The Belton No. 124 School District is not legally obligated to administer medication to students unless specifically included in a Section 504 plan or an individualized education program (IEP). However, the Board recognizes that some students may require medication for chronic or short-term illnesses to enable them to remain in school and participate in the district's educational services. The district prohibits students from possessing or self-administering medications while on district grounds, on district transportation or during district activities unless explicitly authorized in accordance with this policy. The superintendent, in collaboration with the district nursing staff, will establish administrative procedures for storing and administering medications in compliance with this policy and pursuant to state and federal law. Medications will only be administered at school when it is not possible or effective for the student to receive the medication at home.


The administration of medications is a nursing activity that must be performed by or under the supervision of a registered professional nurse. A registered professional nurse may delegate the administration of medication to a licensed practical nurse or unlicensed personnel who are trained by the nurse to administer medications. The registered professional nurse is responsible for developing written procedures for training unlicensed personnel in the administration of medications and for supervising the administration of medication by others. In accordance with law, any trained or qualified employee will be held harmless and immune from civil liability for administering medication in good faith and according to standard medical practices. A qualified employee is one who has been trained to administer medication according to standard medical practices.


The nurse or designee must maintain thorough documentation of all medications administered to students.


Nurses must use reasonable and prudent judgment to determine whether to administer particular medications to students while also working in collaboration with parents/guardians and the school administration. In carrying out their legal duty to protect the health, welfare and safety of students, nurses will, when necessary, clarify authorized prescriber orders and respond in accordance with such clarifications.


The district shall not knowingly administer medications in an amount exceeding the recommended daily dosage listed in the Physician's Desk Reference (PDR) or other recognized medical or pharmaceutical text. Except for the emergency use of a prefilled epinephrine auto syringe or asthma-related rescue medication, the district will not administer the first dose of any medication. Parents/Guardians are encouraged to arrange to administer prescription medications themselves when possible.


Over-the-Counter Medications


The district may administer over-the-counter medication to a student upon receipt of a written request and permission to do so by the parent/guardian. All over-the-counter medications must be delivered to the school principal or designee in the manufacturer's original packaging and will only be administered in accordance with the manufacturer's label.


Prescription Medications


The parent/guardian must provide the district with written permission to administer the medication before the district will administer the prescription medication to the student. The prescription label will be considered the equivalent of a prescriber's written direction, and a separate document is not needed.


Possession and Self-Administration of Medications


The district will permit a student to possess and self-administer medications in accordance with an IEP or Section 504 plan or in accordance with state law allowing students to possess and self-administer medications for a chronic health condition. However, permission to possess and self-administer medications may be revisited if there is evidence that the student is not handling or administering the medication appropriately or that the student’s actions may be harming his or her own health or the health and safety of other persons.


Students with IEPs or Section 504 Plans


Students may possess and self-administer medications in accordance with the student’s IEP or Section 504 plan.


Students with Chronic Health Conditions


Students may possess and self-administer medications for the treatment of asthma, anaphylaxis and other chronic health conditions in accordance with this policy and law. The district will not permit students to possess and self-administer medications unless:

 

1.         The medication was prescribed or ordered by the student's physician.

 

2.         The physician has provided a written treatment plan for the condition for which the medication was prescribed or authorized that includes a certification that the student is capable of and has been instructed in the correct and responsible use of the medication and has demonstrated to the physician or the physician's designee the skill level necessary to use the medication.

 

3.         The student has demonstrated proper self-administration technique to the school nurse.

 

4.         The student's parent/guardian has signed a statement authorizing self-administration and acknowledging that the district and its employees or agents will incur no liability as a result of any injury arising from the self-administration of such medication unless such injury is a result of negligence on the part of the district or its employees or agents.


Consequences


Students who possess or consume medications in violation of this policy while on district grounds, on district transportation or during a district activity may be disciplined up to and including suspension or expulsion. Employees who violate this policy may be disciplined up to and including termination. District administrators will notify law enforcement when they believe a crime has occurred.


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Note:  The reader is encouraged to check the index located at the beginning of this section for other pertinent policies and to review administrative procedures and/or forms for related information.

 

Adopted:         03/26/1992

 

Revised:          02/10/2000; 04/10/2007; 06/30/2011; 07/11/2013

 

Cross Refs:     EBB, Communicable Diseases

EBBA, Illness and Injury Response and Prevention

 

Legal Refs:     §§ 167.621 - .635, 335.016, .066, 338.059, 577.625, .628, RSMo.

Davis v. Francis Howell Sch. Dist., 138 F.3d 754 (8th Cir. 1998)

DeBord v. Board of Educ. of Ferguson-Florissant Sch. Dist., 126 F.3d 1102 (8th Cir. 1997)


Belton No. 124 School District, Belton, Missouri

 

Link to Missouri Statutes

Link to Missouri Regulations

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For Office Use Only: JHCD-C.BEL (12/12)

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