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FILE:  EBB
CRITICAL

 

COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

 


The Steelville R-III School District School Board recognizes its responsibility to protect the health of students and employees from the risks posed by communicable diseases. The Board also has a responsibility to protect individual privacy, educate all students regardless of medical condition and treat students and employees in a nondiscriminatory manner.


Immunization


In accordance with law, students cannot attend school without providing satisfactory evidence of immunization, unless they are exempted from immunization.


Universal Precautions


The district requires all staff to routinely employ universal precautions to prevent exposure to disease-causing organisms. The district will provide the necessary equipment and supplies to implement universal precautions.


Categories of Potential Risk


Students or employees with communicable diseases that pose a risk of transmission in school or at school activities (such as, but not limited to, chicken pox, influenza and conjunctivitis) will be managed as required by law and in accordance with guidelines provided by the Department of Health and Senior Services (DHSS) and local county or city health departments. Such management may include, but is not limited to, exclusion from school or reassignment as needed for the health and safety of students and staff.


Students or employees infected with chronic communicable diseases that do not pose a risk of transmission in school or at school activities (such as, but not limited to, hepatitis B virus or HIV) shall be allowed to attend school or continue to work without any restrictions based solely on the infection. The district will not require any medical evaluations or tests for such diseases.


Exceptional Situations


There are certain specific types of conditions, such as frequent bleeding episodes or uncoverable, oozing, skin lesions that could potentially be associated with transmission of both bloodborne and nonbloodborne pathogens. In the case of students, certain types of behaviors, such as biting or scratching, may also be associated with transmission of pathogens.


Students who exhibit such behaviors or conditions may be educated in an alternative educational setting or, if appropriate, disciplined in accordance with the discipline code. In the case of a student with a disability, the Individualized Education Program (IEP) team or 504 team will make any change of placement decisions.


Employees who exhibit such conditions will not be allowed to work until the condition is resolved or appropriately controlled in a way that minimizes exposure.


Confidentiality


The superintendent or designee shall ensure that confidential student and employee information is protected in accordance with law. Medical information about an individual, including an individual with HIV, will only be shared with district employees who have a reasonable need to know the identity of the individual in order to provide proper health care or educational services. Examples of people who may need to know a student's medical information are the school nurse and the IEP or 504 team if applicable. An example of an individual who may need to know an employee's medical information is the employee's immediate supervisor, if accommodations are necessary.


All medical records will be maintained in accordance with law and Board policy. Breach of confidentiality may result in disciplinary action, including termination.


Reporting and Disease Outbreak Control


Reporting and disease outbreak control measures will be implemented in accordance with state and local law, DHSS rules governing the control of communicable diseases and other diseases dangerous to public health, and any applicable rules distributed by the appropriate county or city health department.


Notification


Missouri state law provides that superintendents who supply a copy of this policy, adopted by the district Board of Education, to DHSS shall be entitled to confidential notice of the identity of any district student reported to DHSS as HIV-infected and known to be enrolled in the district. Missouri law also requires the parent or guardian to provide such notice to the superintendent.


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Note:  The reader is encouraged to check the index located at the beginning of this section for other pertinent policies and to review administrative procedures and/or forms for related information.

 

Adopted:       03/02/2006

 

Cross Refs:    GBE, Staff Health and Safety

JHC, Student Health Services and Requirements

JHCD, Administration of Medications to Students

 

Legal Refs:    §§ 167.181, .183, .191, 191.650 - .695, 210.003, RSMo.

19 C.S.R. 20-20.010 - .060, 20-28.010

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1400 - 1487

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Section 504, 29 U.S.C. § 794

Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 12101 - 12213


Steelville R-III School District, Steelville, Missouri

 

Link to Missouri Statutes

Link to Missouri Regulations

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© 2006, Missouri School Boards' Association, Registered in U.S. Copyright Office
For Office Use Only: EBB-C.1A (01/06)

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